The Great Schism

In A.D. 1054, on Saturday, July 16th, three papal legates, Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida, Cardinal Frederick of Loraine and Archbishop Peter of Amalfi, marched into the Hagia Sophia cathedral in Constantinople at three o’clock in the afternoon, during the Divine Liturgy, and laid a Bull of Excommunication against the Patriarch Michael Cerularius upon the altar. Leaving the church, they “shook the dust from their feet” and soon thereafter returned to Rome.

 

From the Catechism Class of September 14, 2014: The Great Schism, part 1

Handout

Addendum: Epistle of Pope Gregory I to Patriarch John

Powerpoint

From the Catechism Class of September 21, 2014: The Great Schism, part 2

Handouts

Addendum: Roman Presidency and Christian Unity in our Time, by Fr. Thomas Hopko

Powerpoint

 

Additional Readings:

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